The unit of the amount can be anything (like pieces), it has to be the same unit for both amounts. Time is considered an interval variable because differences between all time points are equal but there is no “true zero” value for time. In this exercise, we’ll be comparing the net income of a company with vs. without growing interest expense payments.

The takeaway – make sure you understand the differences between the various levels of measurement before you decide on your statistical analysis techniques. Importantly, in all of these examples of interval data, the data points are numerical, but the zero point is arbitrary. For example, a temperature of zero degrees Fahrenheit doesn’t mean that there is no temperature (or no heat at all) – it just means the temperature is 10 degrees less than 10.

A higher times interest earned ratio is favorable because it means that the company presents less of a risk to investors and creditors in terms of solvency. From an investor or creditor’s perspective, an organization that has a times interest earned ratio greater than 2.5 is considered an acceptable risk. Companies that have a times interest earned ratio of less than 2.5 are considered a much higher risk for bankruptcy or default. To calculate the times interest earned ratio, we simply take the operating income and divide it by the interest expense.

## What is ordinal data?

If Harry’s needs to fund a major project to expand its business, it can viably consider financing it with debt rather than equity. The TIE’s main purpose is to help quantify a company’s probability of default. This, in turn, helps determine relevant debt parameters such as the appropriate interest rate to be charged or the amount of debt that a company can safely take on. Creditors use the TIE ratio to assess the risk of lending to a company.

As a general rule of thumb, the higher the times interest earned ratio, the more capable the company is at paying off its interest expense on time (and vice versa). The Times Interest Earned Ratio (TIE) measures a company’s ability to service its interest expense obligations based on its current operating income. Obviously, no company needs to cover its debts several times over in order to survive.

## What Is a Good High or Low Times Interest Earned Ratio?

The times interest earned ratio is a measurement of a company’s solvency. While a higher calculation is often better, high ratios may also be an indicator that a company is not being efficient or not prioritizing business growth. Times interest earned ratio is a solvency metric that evaluates whether a company is earning enough money to pay its debt. It specifically compares the income a company makes prior to interest and taxes to what interest expense it must matching principle pay on its debt obligations. The times interest earned ratio is highly dependent on industry metrics.

Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. Here, we can see that Harrys’ TIE ratio increased five-fold from 2015 to 2018. This indicates that Harry’s is managing its creditworthiness well, as it is continually able to increase its profitability without taking on additional debt.

You can’t numerically measure the differences between the options (because they are categories, after all), but you can order and/or logically rank them. So, you can view ordinal as a slightly more sophisticated level of measurement than nominal. I have a Masters of Science degree in Applied Statistics and I’ve worked on machine learning algorithms for professional businesses in both healthcare and retail. I’m passionate about statistics, machine learning, and data visualization and I created Statology to be a resource for both students and teachers alike. My goal with this site is to help you learn statistics through using simple terms, plenty of real-world examples, and helpful illustrations. Suppose we keep track of how long it takes people to run a marathon.

In turn, creditors are more likely to lend more money to Harry’s, as the company represents a comparably safe investment within the bagel industry. Because cash is not considered when calculating EBIT, there is the risk that the company is not actually generated enough cashflow to pay its debts. The times interest earned ratio (TIE) compares the operating income (EBIT) of a company relative to the amount of interest expense due on its debt obligations.

## What Does a High Times Interest Earned Ratio Signify for a Company’s Future?

- A business can choose to not utilize excess income for reinvestment in the company through expansion or new projects, but rather pay down debt obligations.
- Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts.
- The TIE’s main purpose is to help quantify a company’s probability of default.
- Conversely, a lower TIE ratio may signal financial distress, where the company struggles to manage its interest payments, posing a higher risk to creditors and investors.

The Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio measures a company’s ability to meet its debt obligations on a periodic basis. This ratio can be calculated by dividing a company’s EBIT by its periodic interest expense. The ratio shows the number of times that a company could, theoretically, pay its periodic interest expenses should it devote all of its EBIT to debt repayment.

Simply put, the TIE ratio—or “interest coverage ratio”—is a method to analyze the credit risk of a borrower. Its total annual interest expense will be (4% X $10 million) + (6% X $10 million), or $1 million annually. One recipe has a total cooking time of 40 minutes and the other has a cooking time of 20 minutes.

The ratio does not seek to determine how profitable a company is but rather its capability to pay off its debt and remain financially solvent. If a company can no longer make interest payments on its debt, it is most likely not think twice before deducting ira losses solvent. Now, let’s talk about what a good times interest earned ratio is. A good TIE ratio is subjective and can vary widely depending on the industry, economic conditions, and the specific circumstances of a company.

In this scenario, the duration of cooking time would be considered a ratio variable because there is a true zero value – zero minutes. The times interest earned ratio is usually different across industries. In general, it’s best to have a times interest earned ratio that demonstrates the company can earn multiple times its annual debt obligation. It’s often cited that a company should have a times interest earned ratio of at least 2.5.

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